Pery Square Business College – Guide to Referencing

What is referencing?

Any academic submission must have references. This is where you use quotations from the published work of others to back up points that you are making. If you use the work of another person and do not reference it, this is considered to be plagiarism and you will be given a ZERO grade.


You must put inverted commas (“) before and after (“) a direct quotation. At the end of the quotation you must include a reference. This is a note to the reader telling him or her where you got your reference. A reference should be enclosed in brackets at the end of the quotation


You must include the authors surname; the first initial of the Christian name; the year of publication and the number of the page on which you found the reference – i.e.

(Delaney, J. 2005. p.5)

(Note: The name of the book DOES NOT go into the bracket)


If you take ANY ideas from the work of another, then you must also reference that – even if you have put it into your own words.


This citation method gives prominence to the author’s surname as part of your sentence with the date and page number.

Enright (2009, p. 10) described caring for older people……

Tutor Notes

You cannot reference the class notes of a tutor as these are not published sources. You must take the time to read the original sources and references yourself – lecture notes are only meant to guide you through your reading requirements for the course.


At the end of each piece of written work you should list all of the sources of information that you used in the assignment in alphabetical order by authors name. Each reference needs to contain enough information for the original work to be easily tracked down

Please see the following examples of referencing various sources of information:


O'Connor, A. (2013). The Guide to Referencing Correctly, Pery Square Printing Company: Limerick

Edited Book

Scott, J. A. (2nd Edition) 1990, English for Secretarial & Business Students, Gill & Macmillan Ltd. Dublin 8

Online Resources

It is important to remember the following when referencing information you found online:

·         Use author and year of publication in the text

·         There is no need to put the web address in the text

·         The full website address appears in the bibliography


Internal Reference:

The DoH (2005) has proposed a plan for making healthier choices.


Department of Health (2005) Delivering choosing health: making healthier choices easier, [online]. London: DoH. Available from: [Accessed 22 June 2005]

Newspaper Articles

Cullen, P. (2013). Cutbacks and Privatisation: The Order of the Day in State Strategy for Care of Elderly. The Irish Times [online]. 5th June. Available from: [accessed 26th June 2013]

Official Publications


Health Act (2004), chapter 37 (Annual Report), The Stationary Office: Dublin

Departmental reports:

Department of Health (2003), ERHA Report – July 2003 (on the events surrounding the deferral of Róisín Ruddle’s surgery), [Online] Dublin: The Stationary Office. Available from: [Accessed 26th June 2013]

European Computer Driving Licence, ECDL
Irish Computer Society
Microsoft Office Specialist Certification
Quality and Qualifications Ireland (QQI)